Diwali 2021 Date in India calendar
When Is Diwali in 2021, 2022 and 2023?
Diwali falls in either October or November each year, depending on the cycle of the moon. It’s observed on the 15th day of Kartik, the holiest month in the Hindu lunar calendar.
In 2021, Diwali is on November 4. (See calendar).
In 2022, Diwali is on October 24.
In 2023, Diwali is on November 12.
Diwali Dates Detailed Information
The Diwali festival actually runs for five days, with the main event happening on the third day in most places in India. It’s associated with Lord Ram’s return to his kingdom in Ayodhya after exile and rescuing his wife from demon king Ravan on Dussehra. However, in South India, the festival is observed as the defeat of Narakasura. It’s a one-day celebration, known as Deepavali, that usually falls a day before the main Diwali date but sometimes occurs on the same day (when the lunar days overlap). The festival isn’t celebrated in Kerala though. Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of good fortune and prosperity, is the primary deity worshiped during Diwali. Each day has a special significance as follows.
The first day (November 2, 2021) is known as Dhanteras, or Dhanatrayodashi. “Dhan” means wealth and “teras” refers to the 13th day of a lunar fortnight on the Hindu calendar. Lord Dhanvantari, the Hindu god of medicine and an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is said to have brought Ayurveda and the nectar of immortality to mankind on this day. There are several temples in Kerala and Tamil Nadu dedicated to Dhanvantari and Ayurveda. Legend also has it that Goddess Lakshmi was born from the churning of the ocean on this day, and she is welcomed with a special puja (ritual). Gold and other metals (including kitchen utensils) are traditionally purchased. People also gather to play cards and gamble, as it’s thought to be auspicious and will bring wealth throughout the year.
The second day (November 3, 2021) is usually known as Naraka Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali (small Diwali). “Naraka” means hell and “Chaturdashi” means 14th day of a lunar fortnight on the Hindu calendar. Goddess Kali and Lord Krishna are believed to have destroyed the demon Narakasura on this day. Demon effigies are burned in Goa to mark the occasion. However, in 2021 Naraka Chaturdashi will be celebrated a day later, on November 4. This is due to a quirk of the Hindu lunar calendar, whereby Chaturdashi Tithi (a lunar day on the calendar) extends until just before sunrise on November 4.
The third day (November 4, 2021) is the new moon day known as Amavasya. It’s the darkest day of the month and is the most significant day of the Diwali festival nearly everywhere in India. Lakshmi is worshiped on this day, with a special puja performed in the evening after sunset. Goddess Kali is also usually worshiped on this day in West Bengal, Odisha and Assam (although Kali Puja sometimes falls a day earlier depending on the lunar cycle). South India also celebrates Deepavali on this day in 2021, in accordance with Naraka Chaturdashi.
The fourth day (November 5, 2021) has various meanings across India. In North India, Govardhan Puja is celebrated as the day when Lord Krishna defeated Indra, the god of thunder and rain. In Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, the victory of Lord Vishnu over demon king Bali is celebrated as Bali Pratipada or Bali Padyami. In Gujarat, the start of a new year is celebrated on this day as well.
The fifth day (November 6, 2021) is known as Bhai Duj. It’s dedicated to celebrating sisters, in a similar way that Raksha Bandhan is dedicated to brothers. Brothers and sisters get together and share food, to honor the bond between them.
What are the 5 Days of Diwali 2021?
This year Diwali 2021 falls on Thursday, November 4th 2021 (4/11/2021) followed by 5 Days which ends on Saturday, November 6th 2021 (6/11/2021).
Every year Diwali falls in either October or November, depending on the cycle of the moon. It’s observed on the 15th day of Kartik, the holiest month in the Hindu calendar.
Day 1 – Dhanteras: (Tuesday- November 2, 2021)
Day 2- Choti Diwali (Wednesday- November 3, 2021)
Day 3 – Lakshmi Puja/Kali Puja (Thursday- November 4, 2021)
Day 4 – Govardhan Puja (Friday- November 5, 2021)
Day 5 – Bhai Dooj/Vishwakarma Puja ( Saturday- November 6, 2021)
Diwali is the 5 days festival -each day as its different meaning.
The main day of the festival of Diwali is an official holiday in Fiji, Guyana, India, Malaysia (except Sarawak), Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.
This festival varies from state to state throughout India. Like in North India this festival celebrates the return of Lord Rama and Mata Sita from the Vanvas after the victory on evil Ravana.
The day when Lord Ram defeated Ravan with the help of Lord Hanuman and rescue the Mata Sita from the Ashok Vatika is celebrated as Dussehra. In South India, the festival is related to the defeat of the demon Narakasura, Know as Deepavali.
There might be different traditions rituals to celebrate the Diwali festival but the main aim of the festival is to bring happiness, time for introspection, to contemplate and dispel our own darkness and take away the sorrows. Let light shine within yourself, and also shine this light outwards.
The festival is celebrated every year with great spirit and enthusiasm. All the houses, shops, and streets light up making the place look so beautiful likes a Jugnu in the sky.
When is Diwali?
The Festival of Lights is known as Deepavali (deep – lamp, vali – array). This is the name of the festival in Southern India and is how the festival is referred to in other Asian countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. In Northern India, it is more commonly known as Diwali, but they are essentially the same celebration.
In these countries and for Hindus around the world, the celebration revolves around the triumph of good over evil, purity over impurity, light over darkness. It is one of the most important Hindu festivals.
Traditions of Diwali
Diwali marks the return of Lord Rama, who was the seventh incarnation of Vishnu, from a fourteen-year exile.
The Festival of Lights takes place on the darkest night (the first night of the new moon) in the month of Kartik in the Hindu calendar.
Across India streets and temples are decorated with spectacular light displays and colorful garlands.
In their homes, people light small oil lamps called diyas. It is believed that deceased relatives come back to visit their families on Earth during this festival and the lights are a way to guide the spirits home. The sound of firecrackers exploding is common as the noise is said to drive away evil spirits.
Over 70% of all firecrackers used during Diwali come from the town of Sivaski in Tamil Nadu.
Families, friends and business associates exchange gifts and sweets, settle old business deals and are encouraged to rid themselves of hate, anger and jealousy.
The festival is a time for rejoicing and renewal.
Diwali holds significance not only in Hinduism but also in Sikhism who celebrate the release of their sixth Guru (literal translation: teacher) Hargobind. To Sikhs, it is known as Bandi Chhor Divas. The Jains celebrate it as the day when Lord Mahaveer, the last Tirthankara, attained Nirvana or Moksha.
The Five Days of Diwali
Diwali is a five-day festival that straddles the new moon. Though widely celebrated across all of India, the days may have different names and have additional meanings in some parts of India, there is enough commonality to briefly describe each of the days:
Dhanteras marks the beginning of the five-day festivities of Diwali. On this day, it is customary for people to clean their houses, so they are ready to welcome in Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity, whose Puja is performed in the evening. This is an auspicious day and a lucky day for buying expensive goods, though it is also a day to consider charity for those less well off. Small clay lamps, called diyas are lit to drive away the shadows of evil spirits.
According to Hindu tradition, the demon Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna on the second day. Marking the coming end of the year in some regions of India, customs on this day are about cleaning the slate before the start of a new year and getting rid of anything bad. People get up early and wash and put on clean or new clothes. In parts of Southern India, this day is celebrated as the main day of Deepavali.
The third day is celebrated on the new moon in Kartik. In most parts of India, this is the most important day of the festival and is the last day of the year in many regions of India. On this day, Lord Rama rescued his wife, Sita, from the demon Ravana and returned home after a long exile. Candles are lit to celebrate his victory and to light his way home after the battle. In the evening, it may seem like the whole of India is lit by explosions as people set off many fireworks.
The fourth day of Diwali is also the first day of the new year in the Vikram Samvat calendar and may also be known as Pratipada, Govardhan Puja or Annakut. Annakut means ‘mountain of food’, which is a giveaway that today is all about feasting. Tradition has it that on this day, Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan Hill to give shelter from torrential rains to local villagers. Today, Hindus prepare a great deal of food and take it to the temples to celebrate the beginning of the new year and give thanks to Krishna for his benevolence.
This is the fifth and last day of Diwali festival. This day celebrates the relationship between brother and sister. Read more about Bhai Bij.